RDA Happenings September 2013
Posted on September 1, 2013 – By Emporia RDA
The RDA office is continuously updating our statistical data about the City of Emporia, Lyon County and our region. We rely on several sources of data: primary data collected from our own surveys and secondary which is data collected from local, state and federal government statisti-cal collection agencies.
An example is that in late August or early September, the KU Institute for Public Policy & Social Research issued the Kansas Statistical Abstract. In fact, the 47th edition was just issued. The Abstract is published in a PDF format and can be accessed at http://www.ipsr.ku.edu/ksdata/ksah/
Over the years, I have worked with many site selection consultants who analyze the primary and secondary data comparisons made over time and with “peer communities” to determine past trends can be made with some degree of accuracy. In many instances, some preliminary data trends need to be verified by other data sources to determine anomalies in the data, etc.
The Per Capita Income for both Lyon County and Crawford County is $29,500, and in Wyan-dotte County the Per Capita Income is $28,800. Wyandotte County has the lowest per capita income. Lyon and Crawford Counties are tied for second in the lowest per capita income.
Most people believe per capita income is how much a person makes. Per capita income is adding many sources of income and adjusting for residence and government/social insurance. In other words, for all counties’ personal income, you add wages and salaries, supplements to in-come, proprietors’ income, farm and non-farm, property income and personal transfer pay-ments. Then adjustment is made for residence. If an individual works out of county but lives in the county, then that income is added to the county and vice versa. Then government and social income is subtracted from all the incomes to arrive at the total personal income for the county. Then the next step is to take the population from the county divided into the total personal in-come to arrive at Per Capita Income.
Let’s compare Crawford, Lyon and McPherson counties with the population of 39,361, 33,748 and 29,356 respectively. In relative terms, these three counties are relatively close in population. If you add wages and salaries and supplements to wages and salaries for these three counties, then it is the following: Crawford is $709,690,000, Lyon is $651,527,000 and McPherson is $722,567,000. If you divide those numbers by the population for each county, the income per resident would be for Crawford County $18,030, Lyon County $19,306 and McPherson County $24,614.
For the category of Proprietors Income – Farm and Non-Farm, McPherson County is substantially higher than Crawford and Lyon Counties. In 2011, Crawford County had a -$900,000 in farm income, Lyon County was $5,588,000 and McPherson County was $65,642,000.
With regard to non-farm proprietors’ income, McPherson County had $140,586,000; Lyon County was $30,899,000 and Crawford County was $11,248,000.
In the Property Income category, Crawford County was $204,789,000, McPherson County was $167,557,000 and Lyon County was $155,704,000.
Personal Transfer Payments Crawford County was the leader with $320,878,000, Lyon County with $234,516,000 and McPherson County was $211,808,000.
In terms of Residence Adjustment for all three counties, there is income leakage. McPherson County is -$11,893,000, Lyon County is -$8,639,000 and Crawford County is a -$4,745,000 income. This means that individuals work in the county but live outside the county, so there is income leakage.
The final adjustment to the total personal income for each county is government social insurance. In McPherson County it is $84,020,000, Crawford County is $82,317,000 and Lyon County is $73,784,000. So in fact in total dollars has a lower government and social insurance than either Crawford or McPherson Counties.
The total Personal Income for McPherson County is $1,212,247, Crawford County is $1,158,643 and Lyon County is $995,911,000. The Per Capita Income for McPherson County is $41,500, and then Lyon and Crawford Counties are at $29,500.
Many different income sources are used to determine the total Per Capita Income. Some in-comes can be changed over, others cannot. For instance, Farm Income is a function type total available acres and type of agriculture production. In general McPherson has 7 . times more wheat production than Lyon County; therefore, Farm Income would be greater than Lyon County.
When examining the data for this article, I thought it is rather interesting that Geary County has wages and salaries of $1,772,277,000 and a residence adjustment of -1,646,766,000. Then Riley County has a Wages and Salaries of $1,096,527,000 and a residence adjustment of +1,355,774,000. Clearly Riley County has a significant number of persons earning their wages and salaries in Geary County but residing in Riley County.